This is also not helped by the fact that often times it is the attitudes of the actual drug users that affects the manner in which the people making policy are viewing the situation.
The identified studies tested the following cannabinoids: In vitro and in Lit review on medical merijuana animal studies have demonstrated mutagenic effects of cannabis smoke, and precancerous pulmonary pathology as seen in tobacco smokers has been described in cannabis users.
Other Disorders There was low-quality evidence that cannabinoids were associated with improvements in movement disorders in patients with Tourette syndrome two trials, four reports, 36 subjects and very low-quality evidence for improvement in anxiety assessed using a public speaking test one trial.
Category 2 refers to people who have debilitating symptom s of medical condition sother than those described in category 1, which have failed conventional medical treatment. Two studies consisting of five reports and 54 subjects evaluated cannabinoids solely for the treatment of sleep problems.
Almost half of the United States has now legalized medicinal cannabis, several states have legalized recreational use, and others have legalized cannabidiol-only use, which is one of many therapeutic cannabinoids extracted from cannabis.
Despite reassurance from Eric Holder, US Attorney General, that the penal policy is directed at those who violate both deferral and state laws, this unexpected siren from the federal government has been heard loud and clear, leading Governor Chris Gregoire, of the state of Washington, to abort a proposal to create licensed marijuana dispensaries and Governor Chris Christie, of the state of New Jersey, to postpone plans for marijuana operators.
The classification of marijuana as a Schedule I drug as well as the continuing controversy as to whether or not cannabis is of medical value are obstacles to medical progress in this area.
Investigators are also studying the anti-cancer activities of cannabis, as a growing body of preclinical data concludes that cannabinoids can reduce the spread of specific cancer cells via apoptosis programmed cell death and by the inhibition of angiogenesis the formation of new blood vessels.
For others, this report can serve as an introduction to the broad range of emerging clinical applications for cannabis and its various compounds. The understanding of their attitudes towards drugs can highlight, potentially, a reasonable and rational response to a social phenomenon that may just be more open to the concept of drug usage rather than being actual advocate of drug usage.
Many of these patients and their physicians are now discussing this issue for the first time and are seeking guidance on whether the therapeutic use of cannabis may or may not be advisable.
Risk and Rationality in Adolescent Decision Making: Chronic pain The authors uncovered 28 chronic pain studies, including 63 reports and participants. The results are summarized in Table 1. All in all, however, the authors concluded that there was low-quality evidence that cannabinoids caused weight gain in HIV infection.
Oral extract of cannabis has better evidence of relieving self-reported symptoms of spasticity caused by multiple sclerosis. The question is one of whether or not younger people are able to be rationale or more risky in their decision making.
Subsequently, the answer to this question and a better understanding of it can also lead a variety of organizations to assess future methods of research that they can explore and ways to incorporate this information into real world policy applications and methods.
Arguably, these recent discoveries represent far broader and more significant applications for cannabinoid therapeutics than many researchers could have imagined some thirty or even twenty years ago.
States a World Health Organization review paper"There are no recorded cases of overdose fatalities attributed to cannabis, and the estimated lethal dose for humans extrapolated from animal studies is so high that it cannot be achieved byA recent study by Whiting, et al, (JAMA ) performed an extensive literature review using 28 databases and provided assessment of the indications, benefits and adverse effects of medical marijuana and cannabinoids.
Using a rating scale to score the quality of evidence, the authors described evidence of moderate quality to support the use of marijuana. Literature Review Sample Legalization of Marijuana Introduction. Understanding why drug use is viewed in a particular manner is of vital importance for many reasons.
O’Connell TJ, Bou-Matar CB.
Long term marijuana users seeking medical cannabis in California (–): demographics, social characteristics, patterns of cannabis and other drug use of applicants. A Literature Review Physicians' Understanding of Clinical Trial Data in Professional Prescription Drug Promotion Diagnosing Meat.
Marijuana and health: A comprehensive review of 20 years of research K.K. Repp, PhD, MPH A.L. Raich, MS, MPH October 20 th, The views expressed in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the position or policy of. Comprehensive Review of Medicinal Marijuana, Cannabinoids, and Therapeutic Implications in Medicine and Headache: What a Long Strange Trip It's Been.
Baron EP(1). Medical Marijuana.
A more recent review of the relevant literature concludes that among the average adult user, As states continue to approve legislation enabling the physician-supervised use of medical marijuana, more patients with varying disease types are exploring the use of therapeutic cannabis.Download