Referent and expert power

Referent Power Advantages Some of the advantages of this type of power include: Also, the role can be more important than the individual. Expert power Knowledge is power. Social psychologists John French and Bertram Raven studied this phenomenon more than half a century ago. Informational Power Informational Power is the most transitory type of power.

To briefly recap, insocial psychologists John French and Bertram Raven identified five bases of power. Employees are also more willing to go the extra mile to reach organizational goals. You Might Also Like. Julius RichmondSurgeon General of the United States Expert power is based on what one knows, experience, and special skills or talents.

Once you give your information away, you give your power away. How To Use the Types of Power The next time you find yourself following the crowd or following a leader, check yourself and ask where their power is coming from.

The 5 Types of Power in Leadership

For others, the more power they have, the more successful they feel. The followers that work for him are proud to do so, and share his core value of using technology for Referent and expert power betterment of the world.

In an organization, people who wield reward power tend to influence the actions of other employees. From the business world, Elon Musk has referent power. Six years later, Raven added an extra power base: My go-to type of power is expert, because it affords the individual the most control.

For example, a person who holds expert power can be promoted to senior management, thereby giving him legitimate power. Examples of information that is sensitive or limits accessibility: It usually develops over a long period of time. Expert power is derived from possessing knowledge or expertise in a particular area.

In this respect, she has referent power over her followers. Consistently modeling the desired behavior can lead to decreased counterproductive behavior. Additionally, research has shown that source credibility has an explicit effect on the bases of power used in persuasion.

French and Raven's bases of power

The five bases of power are divided in two categories: The responsibility involved is heavy and the power easily lost, but when combined with other forms of power it can be very useful. Bureaucratic obstacles are reduced through good working relationships and effective collaboration.

If you lose the title or position, your legitimate power can instantly disappear, because people were influenced by the position you held rather than by you. The opinions, ideas and decisions of people with expert power are held in high regard by other employees and hence greatly influence their actions.

Coercive — This comes from the belief that a person can punish others for noncompliance. So does a CEO, a religious minister, or a fire chief. Direct and Indirect Information Bases of power[ edit ] As mentioned above, there are now six main concepts of power strategies consistently studied in social communication research.

Positional Power Sources Legitimate Power A president, prime minister or monarch has legitimate power. A military dictator has coercive power.

The 5 Types of Power Revisited

Of course, legally obtained phone tap warrants, spying, eavesdropping, group and group member leaks can allow others not intended to be privy to information.

Informational is the ability of an agent of influence to bring about change through the resource of information.

You end up deferring to greater knowledge for the area of expertise, such as a doctor or mechanic. For positional power to be exercised effectively, the person wielding it must be deemed to have earned it legitimately.

If you find yourself in a leadership position, practice self-awareness and know what you draw your power and influence from. The expertise does not have to be genuine — it is the perception of expertise that provides the power base.

Referent Referent power comes from being trusted and respected. Reward Power People in power are often able to give out rewards.But if you recognize the different forms of power, you can avoid being influenced by those who use the less positive ones – and you can focus on developing expert and referent power for yourself.

This will help you to become an influential and effective leader.

5 Sources of Power in Organizations

There are two types of personal power that this lesson will explain, including expert and referent. Managerial Power You may recall that power can be defined as a person's ability to influence others.

Expert power comes from one's experiences, skills or knowledge. As we gain experience in particular areas, and become thought leaders in those areas, we begin to gather expert power that can be utilized to get others to help us meet our goals.

This paper describes consultation as an influence process and, in particular, describes the two forms of social power—expert and referent power—which allow school psychologists or any mental health professional to influence the.

Expert Power is where expertise or knowledge is the source of power. This is where credentials, awards, and know-how play a role. You end up deferring to greater knowledge for the area of expertise, such as a doctor or mechanic.

Referent power is the ability of a leader to effectively model behavior to her employees in a manner that provides a point of reference for employees' own behavior in work situations.

6 Types of Social Power


Referent and expert power
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