As the papyrus, being in great demand, and exported to all parts of the world, became very costly, other materials were often used instead of it, among which is mentioned leather, a few leather mills of an early period having been found in the tombs.
For its part the Greek alphabet introduced for the first time explicit symbols for vowel sounds. The penthe printing pressthe computer and the mobile phone are all technological developments which have altered what is written, and the medium through which the written word is produced.
The tablets of the Chaldeans are among the most remarkable of their remains. The earliest inscriptions which are identifiably Maya date to the 3rd century BC, and writing was in continuous use until shortly after the arrival of the Spanish conquistadores in the 16th century AD.
The rise of Islam in the 7th century led to the rapid rise of Arabic as a major literary language in the region. This reed, found chiefly in Lower Egypt, had various economic means for writing, the pith was taken out, and divided by a pointed instrument into the thin pieces of which it is composed; it was then flattened by pressure, and the strips glued together, other strips being placed at right angles to them, so that a roll of any length might be manufactured.
Written communication can also be delivered with minimal time delay e-mailSMSand in some cases, with an imperceptible time delay instant messaging. The nature of the written word has recently evolved to include an informal, colloquial written style, in which an everyday conversation can occur through writing rather than speaking.
Writing seems to have become more widespread with the invention of papyrus in Egypt. The revival of literary development in Western Europe led to many innovations in the Latin alphabet and the diversification of the alphabet to codify the phonologies of the various languages.
The primary literary languages were Greek and Persianthough other languages such as Syriac and Coptic were important too. With the invention of wood-pulp paperthe cost of writing material began a steady decline.
This alphabet gave rise to the Aramaic and Greek alphabets. The Romans learned writing in about the 5th century BC from the Etruscan civilizationwho used one of a number of Italic scripts derived from the western Greeks. To the engraving of gems there is reference also, such as with seals or signets.
Particularly with the advent of digital technologies, namely the computer and the mobile phone, characters can be formed by the press of a button, rather than making a physical motion with the hand.
Latin, never one of the primary literary languages, rapidly declined in importance except within the Church of Rome. Writing material There is no very definite statement as to the material which was in most common use for the purposes of writing at the start of the early writing systems.
Writing is a preservable means of communication. The most widespread descendant of Greek is the Latin scriptnamed for the Latinsa central Italian people who came to dominate Europe with the rise of Rome.
Iron Age writing[ edit ] Cippus PerusinusEtruscan writing near PerugiaItalythe precursor of the Latin alphabet The Phoenician alphabet is simply the Proto-Canaanite alphabet as it was continued into the Iron Age conventionally taken from a cut-off date of BC.
That this material was in use in Egypt from a very early period is evidenced by still existing papyrus of the earliest Theban dynasties. The other variation, known as Eastern Greekwas used in present-day Turkey and by the Athenians, and eventually the rest of the world that spoke Greek adopted this variation.
Some people regard the growth of multimedia literacy as the first step towards a postliterate society. After first writing right to left, like the Phoenicians, the Greeks eventually chose to write from left to right.
Renaissance and the modern era[ edit ] By the 14th century a rebirth, or renaissancehad emerged in Western Europe, leading to a temporary revival of the importance of Greek, and a slow revival of Latin as a significant literary language.
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Writing, the original IT: This lecture covers the limitations and obstacles of aural transmission. It describes the invention of Cuneiform in the fertile crescent.
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Writing is the physical manifestation of a spoken language. It is thought that human beings developed language c.
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